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Many folks are so reliant on our computers that it is a significant issue when something goes wrong. You would like to fix your computer problems and have it running as soon as possible, but that’s often easier said than done. It’s no exaggeration to mention an almost limitless number of things can fail with a computer because everyone’s system and settings are different. It can seem almost impossible knowing where to start when it involves troubleshooting your way back to a working machine.

That said, you would be surprised by just what percentage of issues have an equivalent simple root cause. Before you get professional help, run through these simple measures to ascertain if you’ll get the matter fixed yourself.

Run a radical virus scan

Stir up your virus-scanning software, launch the deepest and most thorough scan available, and leave it to do its work. Note that the foremost comprehensive sort of scan (which looks at the foremost files and takes the longest time to complete) might not be the scan that your computer is about to travel by default, so check the program settings to ascertain what’s available. 

Antivirus scanners can sometimes miss threats or be disabled by them, so it’s worth getting a second opinion. Antivirus developers make lightweight, on-demand scanners to install alongside your main security software as a second layer of protection. Use applications like Kaspersky Security Scan for Windows or macOS, or Microsoft Safety Scanner for Windows.

You’ll find more antivirus programs for Windows because it has a history of being attacked by a greater proportion of malware. While macOS is sort of comprehensively locked down, especially if you stick with the Mac App Store for your applications. You’ll never be 100% sure you’re safe, so it’s always worth having an antivirus program to troubleshoot system problems.

Viruses and malware often cause computer crashes and slowdowns. It’s worth running a scan if your system has become sluggish, is suddenly behaving strangely, or seems overrun with advertising. If threats are found, your antivirus program has the skills to combat them; if you get a clean bill of health, you’ll try other troubleshooting options to repair whatever issue you’re having.

Update your software

Outdated and un-patched software cause many computer problems. From outbreaks of ransomware to glitchy keyboards that refuse to spit out the right letters once you tap them. Fortunately, many updates now occur automatically, because they’re so important, which is why your computer might suddenly reboot unexpectedly.

Focus on your OS first. On Windows you’ll search for updates by opening Settings, then clicking Update & security. On macOS, launch the App Store from the dock or the Applications screen in Finder. Then switch to the Updates tab. confirm you apply any updates that are pending.

It’s important to see updates to all applications, including your browser and antivirus program, albeit you’ve set them to update automatically. The update feature should be fairly prominent in any app, but consult the built-in help options if you encounter challenges.

After applying all the updates you’ll find, your issues could be fixed. If they’re, maintain this process to help stop future problems! 

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Cut down on the bloat

You might think leaving older, unused programs on your disk drive is pretty harmless, that’s wrong! As more and more applications hop on, your OS has got to work harder and therefore the files on your computer get choppy. As a result, the quantity of free space for storing can quickly become limited.

If you’ve noticed your computer is running more slowly, crashing at odd times, or showing another quite buggy behavior, it might be creaking under the load of all the software you’ve got installed. Uninstall applications you do not need from the Apps section of Settings in Windows. For the macOS drag the app shortcut into the trash. Some macOS apps are often faraway from the Launchpad by clicking and holding on an icon until it shakes, then clicking the X icon

The same goes for your browser. Having too many extensions and add-ons can cause a significant slowdown, so limit your extensions to those you really need. In Google Chrome, click the three dots within the top right, and attend More Tools, then Extensions; in Firefox choose Add-ons from the most app menu; and in Microsoft Edge, choose Extensions from the most app menu.

If your computer is running low on disc space, it can cause problems, like occasional crashes and slow performance. Once you’ve removed unneeded apps, try removing unneeded files too, like movies you’ve already watched or duplicate photos you’ve got safely protected elsewhere. Generally speaking, the less bloated your system, the fewer problems you’ll run into.

Reinstall the OS 

Reinstalling Windows or macOS and ranging from scratch may be a more extreme version of the “cut down on the bloat” solution we mentioned above. It wipes out troublesome programs, erases many viruses, resets your internet connection settings, and gives you a blank slate. You’ll want to make sure that you simply have all of your data protected before starting the reinstallation process.

What makes this worth trying is that Microsoft and Apple have made reinstalling their operating systems so straightforward. On Windows, you’ll head to Update & Security from Settings, then choose Recovery, and choose start under Reset this PC. Whereas on macOS your process will vary counting on whether your computer uses Apple silicon or an Intel processor. For the few new models with silicon, activate your device and still hold the facility button until the startup options window appears. Choose Option, then hit Continue. If you’ve got an Intel processor, activate your Mac and still hold Cmd+R to launch the Utilities program (more here). Then follow the installer’s instructions.

By setting your system back to phase one, you’re theoretically wiping away whatever was causing the difficulty you’re having, though there’s no guarantee it’ll work. You’ll also have to consider the effort of getting all of your applications and files back on the system afterward, so it’s not the proper choice for everybody in every situation. In our experience though, we’ve found it to be an efficient fix for tons of computer ills.


We can’t promise that these five tips will solve every problem you’re having but they’ll certainly help. We’re also not trying to diminish the importance of your local PC repair shop. A repair shop should be your next point of call if your computer’s still struggling after following this guide.

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